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Understanding Consumer Preferences: Crafting a Profitable Loyalty Program

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By: Jubin Mehta, Capillary Technologies |

Posted on July 28, 2023

Customer loyalty programs have become ubiquitous in today's business landscape, with a vast majority of companies offering some form of rewards program to attract and retain customers. However, with over 3.3 billion loyalty memberships in the U.S. alone, it's clear that consumers are selective about the programs they actively participate in. As the average consumer belongs to nearly 15 loyalty programs but actively engages with only around 7, it's evident that not all loyalty initiatives are equally effective.

To build a truly profitable loyalty program, brands must understand what consumers are looking for and tailor their strategies accordingly. In this article, we'll delve into the key factors that consumers seek in loyalty programs and explore how brands can build a program that fosters customer loyalty and drives profitability.

Understanding Consumer Preferences in Loyalty Programs

  1. Personalization and Relevance

One of the primary concerns for consumers is the level of personalization they receive in loyalty programs. Back in 2016, satisfaction levels about personalization with loyalty programs stood at a miserly 22% (source). We’ve come a long way from there, but a lot remains to be done. Consumers want rewards and offers that align with their preferences, purchase history, and behavior. Brands that invest in data analytics and utilize customer insights to personalize rewards and communications are more likely to create a loyal customer base.

To achieve this, brands should consider adopting a tiered loyalty structure that rewards customers based on their engagement and spending levels. Additionally, offering personalized incentives, such as birthday discounts or tailored product recommendations, can create a deeper emotional connection with customers.

  1. Simplicity and Convenience

The data shows that consumers prefer simplicity and convenience in loyalty programs. Around 79% of Americans prefer not to carry physical loyalty cards, and 58% are less likely to join a program that requires downloading a separate app. This indicates a strong preference for mobile-based loyalty programs that integrate seamlessly into their daily lives.

Brands can meet this demand by implementing digital loyalty programs accessible through mobile apps. By leveraging technologies like QR codes or phone numbers, customers can easily earn and redeem rewards without the hassle of physical cards. Additionally, integrating loyalty features into existing apps or payment systems further streamlines the customer experience.

  1. Meaningful and Interesting Rewards

Consumers are looking for loyalty programs that offer meaningful rewards on everyday purchases. Earning points or discounts on routine transactions is a powerful motivator for continued engagement. Moreover, rewards should be enticing and exciting, as 29% of customers express a desire for more interesting incentives.

Brands should diversify their reward offerings to appeal to a wide range of customer interests and preferences. Beyond the traditional discount model, consider offering exclusive experiences, early access to new products, or partnerships with other brands that align with your target audience. Engaging and unique rewards foster a sense of exclusivity and appreciation, encouraging customers to remain loyal to your brand.

  1. What’s happening in the Metaverse/Web3?

There are mixed reactions and opinions on the future of the metaverse, but several brands have tested water. After selling out its first premium NFT drop in a matter of minutes earlier this year, coffee chain giant Starbucks is one of the front runners in building a loyalty program in the metaverse/Web3. Other brands like GAP and Clinique have also made major investments in a Web3-based loyalty program but it remains to be seen how they play out in the future.

Pros: Liquidity, Variety of personalized rewards, granularity of insights, Interoperability
Cons: Complex to develop and maintain, expensive, evolving regulatory environment

  1. Transparency and Trust

Transparency is essential in loyalty programs, especially when it comes to collecting customer data. With 71% of Americans expressing hesitancy about sharing personal information, brands must prioritize data security and communicate their data usage policies clearly.

Brands can build trust by being open about the type of data collected, how it will be used, and the benefits customers can expect to receive in return. Furthermore, ensuring that customers have control over their data and can easily opt out of sharing certain information helps foster a sense of confidence in the program.

Building a Profitable Loyalty Program

  1. Identify Clear Objectives

Before designing a loyalty program, brands must define clear objectives. Determine the specific goals you want to achieve, whether it's increasing customer retention, boosting average order value, or driving customer advocacy through referrals. Align your loyalty program's structure and rewards with these objectives to ensure its effectiveness.

  1. Seamlessly Integrate with the Customer Journey

A profitable loyalty program should seamlessly integrate with the customer journey. Make sure the process of enrolling, earning rewards, and redeeming benefits is effortless and intuitive across all touchpoints. Align your program with the customer's purchasing behavior to make it a natural part of their shopping experience.

  1. Leverage Technology and Data

Invest in robust data analytics to gain insights into customer preferences, behaviors, and engagement patterns. Utilize this data to craft personalized rewards, offers, and communications. Technology plays a crucial role in enabling a seamless and personalized loyalty experience, so explore partnerships with tech companies or platforms that can enhance your program's capabilities.

  1. Make it a company-wide initiative

It is crucial for a loyalty program to become profitable that it is looked at as a company-wide initiative. In many cases, it is only the marketing team looking after the loyalty program and this often ends up being a mechanical activity with no innovation which makes the loyalty program unsuccessful. A loyalty program is an evolving and dynamic entity that requires participation from the entire brand so that the customers derive maximum value, and the program delivers return on investment for the brand.

  1. Regularly Evaluate and Optimize

To ensure your loyalty program's continued success, regularly evaluate its performance using key metrics such as customer retention, customer lifetime value, and program engagement. Solicit feedback from customers to identify pain points and areas for improvement. Make data-driven decisions to optimize the program and adapt to changing consumer preferences.


In the highly competitive business landscape, a profitable loyalty program can be a game-changer for brands. By understanding consumer preferences and building a program that prioritizes personalization, simplicity, meaningful rewards, transparency, and convenience, brands can foster customer loyalty and drive profitability.

Moreover, embracing technology and data-driven strategies allows brands to craft a loyalty experience that seamlessly integrates with the customer journey. As loyalty programs continue to evolve, investing in customer-centric initiatives will undoubtedly be the key to unlocking the full potential of a profitable loyalty program.

Editors Note:

With a background in tech journalism and corporate communications, Jubin Mehta is a customer loyalty and engagement analyst at Capillary Technologies. Capillary works with 250+ enterprise brands across the globe to deliver RoI-driven loyalty programs that customers love.